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COP15 global biodiversity negotiations: EU leading the ambition for a new deal to protect people and planet

From 14 to 29 March, the EU will participate in resumed global biodiversity meetings to advance on the development of the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework – a new global accord to halt and reverse the loss of the planet's plants, animals and ecosystems. The talks in Geneva are the last official session for governments to negotiate on the once-in-a-decade global agreement before it arrives in Kunming, China, to be adopted at the UN Biodiversity Conference COP15 later in the year. The Framework will guide global action for nature and people, which is vital for tackling climate change and building a fairer, safer, healthier world for everyone, everywhere.

Commissioner for Environment, Oceans and Fisheries Virginijus Sinkevičius yesterday said:

”In these challenging times, multilateralism is more critical than ever, for people and the nature we depend on. The evidence is clear: we need a future in harmony with nature, for ourselves, for future generations, for our climate and for sustainable development — and we need a common roadmap to achieve it. At COP15, the international community will seek to agree on an ambitious global biodiversity framework with strong monitoring to measure progress on the ground in reversing nature loss. But we are not there yet, and we need to significantly narrow the gaps between Parties' positions. The EU goes to the Geneva negotiations pushing for ambition and leading by example.”

The EU has shown leadership working with like-minded countries towards an ambitious agreement, with measurable targets to address direct and indirect drivers of loss, much stronger provisions on monitoring and review and clarity on the means of implementation.

The EU will negotiate for the following elements of the Framework as a minimum:

  • Ambitious, measurable and time-bound goals, milestones, and targets that will aim for all of the world's ecosystems to be restored, resilient, and adequately protected by 2050;
  • Targets to address the direct and indirect drivers of biodiversity loss and ensure sustainable use of natural resources, including 30x30 target to protect at least 30% of world's land and oceans by 2030, complemented by targets that address the direct and indirect drivers of biodiversity loss;
  • Operational provisions to mobilise finance and other means of implementation; in this context, in September, President von der Leyen announced that the EU will double its international biodiversity financing, in particular for the most vulnerable countries;
  • Much stronger implementation, monitoring and review processes, including transparency on intended implementation, reporting, a global gap analysis and stocktake with ratcheting up of efforts if needed;
  • Effective implementation of the 3rd Biodiversity Convention objective regarding access to and fair and equitable sharing of the benefits from the use of genetic resources linked to biodiversity, which at the same time guarantees that science, research and innovation can continue to bring full benefits that also support the implementation of the other objectives, and
  • Ensuring respect of the rights of indigenous peoples, and full and effective participation by indigenous peoples and stakeholders.

The EU will build on the good outcomes of last week's UN Environment Assembly in Nairobi, including the agreed definition of nature-based solutions, which are essential for nature, people and climate.

Click here for the full press release


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