Climate change in Europe: facts and figures
Find out the key facts and statistics about climate change in Europe: regional impact, top emitters, the reduction of greenhouse gases and more.
What are the facts on climate change? ©AP Images/European Union 2018 – EP
Climate change is a global issue, but how is it affecting Europe? Discover facts and figures highlighting different aspects of this issue: causes, consequences and evolution.
The EU's biggest greenhouse gases emitters
The EU is the world's third largest greenhouse gases emitter after China and the United States and followed by India, Russia and Japan (2015).
Within the EU, the top six emitters in 2017 were Germany, the UK, France, Italy, Poland and Spain. The energy sector was responsible for 80.7% of greenhouse gases emissions in the EU in 2017, while industry for 8,7%, followed by agriculture (8.72%), industry (7.82%) and the waste sector (2.75%).
Discover more data in our infographic on greenhouse gas emissions by country and sector in the EU.
Reducing the EU's greenhouses gases emissions
In 2008 the EU set a target to cut greenhouse gas emissions emissions by 20% by 2020 compared to 1990 levels. Much progress has been made: in 2015 there was already a decrease of 22% compared with 1990 levels.
In 2014, the EU set a new objective of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. According to the European Environmental Agency, the projected reductions based on the state of play of EU measures in 2017 will fall short of the target. It estimates there will be a decrease of about 30% in 2030.
See our infographics on the EU's progress towards reaching its 2020 climate change targets.
The impact of climate change on Europe
Climate change is already affecting Europe in various forms, depending on the region. It can for example lead to biodiversity loss, forest fires, decreasing crop yields and higher temperatures. It can also affect people's health. For instance, people people can die as a result of heatwaves.
Latest News from
International migrant trafficking network dismantled15/11/2019 15:10:00
This week the national authorities in Germany (Federal Police Department) and Romania (Directorate for Investigating Organised Crime and Terrorism and National Police) took part in a simultaneous action against an organised criminal group trafficking migrants from the Middle East.
Article – New beginnings: reassessing EU-Turkey relations15/11/2019 13:20:00
Concerns over fundamental rights and action in Syria are leading to a rethink of EU-Turkey relations. What is the status of the cooperation? What are MEPs proposing?
MEPs condemn criminalisation of sex education in Poland15/11/2019 12:10:00
In a resolution put to the vote on Thursday, MEPs express their deep concern over a Polish draft law that could put teachers who provide sex education in prison.
Closing VAT loopholes for sales through online platforms15/11/2019 11:10:00
MEPs on Thursday voted on measures specifying how large online platforms are to contribute to closing loopholes that hinder the collection of VAT.
Clean mobility: EC welcomes agreement on tyre labelling to save energy14/11/2019 15:10:00
A political agreement on a European tyre labelling has been reached between the European Parliament, the Council and the EC. The new rules improve and strengthen EU tyre labels enabling European consumers to make better choices and bringing energy savings equivalent to taking 4m cars off EU roads every year.
Opening ceremony of the 2019/2020 academic year at the College of Europe14/11/2019 13:20:00
Keynote speech given yesterday by President Donald Tusk
Wolfgang Schäuble: “Without European unification, there would be no German unity”14/11/2019 12:10:00
EP President David Sassoli and President of the German Bundestag Wolfgang Schäuble commemorated the fall of the Berlin Wall on 9 November 1989.
Poultry welfare at slaughter: hazards identified, measures proposed14/11/2019 11:10:00
EFSA has proposed measures to address the animal welfare hazards most commonly observed during the slaughter of poultry for food production and disease control.
Brexit: Citizens' rights remain a key priority for MEPs13/11/2019 13:10:00
The Brexit Steering Group met on Tuesday 12 November with several committees to look at the part of the Withdrawal Agreement on citizens' rights.
Defence cooperation: Council launches 13 new PESCO projects13/11/2019 11:20:00
Five of the new projects focus on training, covering areas such as cyber, diving, tactical, medical as well as chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear defence (CBRND) training. Other projects focus on enhancing EU collaborative actions as well as on capability development on sea, air and space.