EC registers European Citizens' Initiatives regarding Brexit
The EC has registered two European Citizens' Initiatives concerning the rights of Union citizens in the context of the withdrawal of a Member State from the EU and rejected a third proposal entitled 'Stop Brexit'.
The first invites the Commission to separate Union citizenship from Member State nationality in light of the UK withdrawal from the EU ("EU Citizenship for Europeans: United in Diversity in spite of jus soli and jus sanguinis"), and the second calls on the Commission to uphold the right of Union citizens to move and reside freely within the European Union ("Retaining European Citizenship"). At the same time, the Commission has rejected as inadmissible a third proposal calling on the Commission to prevent the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU ("Stop Brexit").
The Commission's decisions concern the legal admissibility of the proposed initiatives. At this stage, the Commission has not examined the substance of the initiatives.
The Commission found that the "EU Citizenship for Europeans: United in Diversity in spite of jus soli and jus sanguinis" and the "Retaining European Citizenship" initiatives meet the conditions necessary for registration under the Regulation on European Citizens' Initiatives. Both European initiatives call on the Commission to protect the status and rights of EU citizenship, in the context of the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union. The Commission attaches great importance to the underlying issue of providing certainty and security to the 4 million citizens (3.2 million EU citizens in the UK and 1.2 million UK citizens in the EU) who are unsure of their future as a result of the decision of the UK to withdraw from the EU. While the Commission cannot propose secondary legislation aiming at granting EU citizenship to natural persons who do not hold the nationality of a Member State of the Union, the rights of EU citizens in the UK and the rights of UK citizens in the EU after the withdrawal of the UK will be at the core of the upcoming Article 50 negotiations. The Commission will do its upmost to prevent EU citizens from being used as bargaining chips in the negotiations with the UK.
In the case of the "Stop Brexit" initiative, the Commission found that the conditions for registration were not met. Article 50(1) of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) explicitly allows any Member State to withdraw from the Union in accordance with its own constitutional requirements. While the Commission regrets the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union, it respects the outcome of the referendum.
The formal registration of the "Retaining European Citizenship initiative" will take place on 2 May and the registration of the "EU Citizenship for Europeans" initiative will take place on 27 March. In both cases, this will start a one-year process of collection of signatures in support of the proposed European Citizens' Initiative by their organisers.
European Citizens' Initiatives were introduced with the Lisbon Treaty and launched as an agenda-setting tool in the hands of citizens in April 2012, upon the entry into force of the European Citizens' Initiatives Regulation which implements the Treaty provisions. Under the Treaty, every citizen has the right to participate in the democratic life of the Union by way of a European Citizens' Initiative. The procedures and conditions required for the citizens' initiative should be clear, simple and user-friendly. The commitment of empowering citizens to deliver a better Europe was reiterated by President Juncker in his State of the Union address in September 2016.
The conditions for admissibility, as foreseen by the Regulation n° 211/2011 on the European Citizens' Initiative, are that the proposed action does not manifestly fall outside the framework of the Commission's powers to submit a proposal for a legal act for the purpose of implementing the Treaties, that it is not manifestly abusive, frivolous or vexatious and that it is not manifestly contrary to the values of the Union.
Once formally registered, a European Citizens' Initiative allows one million citizens from at least one quarter of EU Member States to invite the European Commission to propose a legal act in areas where the Commission has the power to do so.
If – and only if – a registered European Citizens' Initiative receives the signatures of one million validated statements of support from at least seven Member States within a period of one year from the time it was registered, the Commission must decide whether or not it would act, and explain the reasons for that choice.
For More Information
Full text of the proposed "EU citizenship for Europeans: United diversity in spite of jus soli and jus sanguini" (available on 27 March 2017)
Full text of the proposed "Retaining European Citizenship" (available on 2 May 2017)
Full text of the proposed "Stop Brexit" Initiative (available on 21 March 2017)
Latest News from
Russia’s aggression against Ukraine: the EU imposes restrictive measures on Viktor and Oleksandr Yanukovych05/08/2022 13:25:00
The Council yesterday decided to impose restrictive measures on two additional individuals in response to the ongoing unjustified and unprovoked Russian military aggression against Ukraine.
State aid: Commission approves 2022-2027 regional aid map for Denmark05/08/2022 10:38:00
The European Commission has approved under EU State aid rules Denmark's map for granting regional aid from 1 January 2022 to 31 December 2027 within the framework of the revised Regional aid Guidelines (‘RAG').
Commission welcomes international condemnation of Russia for violation of aviation rules and EU sanctions05/08/2022 09:25:00
The Commission welcomes the decision by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the UN agency responsible for regulating air transport, to call on the Russian Federation to immediately cease its infractions of international aviation rules, in order to preserve the safety and security of civil aviation.
Mergers: Commission approves D'Ieteren's acquisition of PHE, subject to conditions04/08/2022 16:33:00
The European Commission has approved, under the EU Merger Regulation, D'Ieteren's acquisition of PHE. The approval is conditional on full compliance with commitments offered by D'Ieteren.
State aid: Commission approves €2.98 billion German scheme to promote green district heating04/08/2022 15:25:00
The European Commission has approved, under EU State aid rules, a €2.98 billion German scheme to promote green district heating based on renewable energy and waste heat.
New rights to improve work-life balance in the EU have entered into application04/08/2022 14:33:00
As of tuesday (02 July 2022), all Member States must apply EU-wide rules to improve work-life balance for parents and carers adopted in 2019.
State aid: Commission approves revised commitments by Italy for Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena04/08/2022 13:25:00
The European Commission has approved, under EU State aid rules, a set of revised commitments submitted by Italy, replacing the original commitments on the basis of which the Commission had approved a precautionary recapitalisation of Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena (‘MPS').
Health Union: Commission signs Joint Procurement contract with HIPRA for COVID-19 vaccines04/08/2022 12:10:00
HERA, the European Commission's Health Preparedness and Response Authority, has signed a joint procurement Framework Contract with the company HIPRA HUMAN HEALTH for the supply of their protein COVID-19 vaccine.
State aid: Commission approves €181.5 million Latvian schemes to support companies in context of Russia's invasion of Ukraine04/08/2022 11:33:00
The European Commission has approved two Latvian schemes with a total budget of €181.5 million to support small and medium-sized enterprises (‘SMEs') and large companies across sectors in the context of Russia's invasion of Ukraine.
EU disburses €50 million of Macro-Financial Assistance to the Republic of Moldova01/08/2022 16:33:00
The European Commission, on behalf of the EU, has disbursed €50 million in macro-financial assistance (MFA) to the Republic of Moldova, of which €35 million in long-term loans on concessional terms and €15 million in grants.