Equality still far from reach for women in management
Management is still mostly a man's game. The limited presence of women in management roles in European workplaces, despite years of gender equality policy, illustrates the magnitude of the challenge in achieving gender equality at work and highlights the need for more concerted effort and comprehensive long-term strategies to drive change.
Eurofound's new policy brief, the first of its kind, focuses on women who have overcome the barriers and advanced into management. It shows that, despite rising participation in the labour force, women’s careers remain concentrated in specific jobs and economic sectors, and their career mobility and advancement through the ranks into management remain limited.
On average, women still make up just 36% of all managers in Europe, and despite some progress in recent years, men outnumber women in management positions in most sectors. The is also significant variation in the share of women managers in different parts of the EU. In Lithuania, Hungary, Bulgaria, Cyprus and Latvia over 40% of managers are women - more that 5% above the EU average - whereas in Greece and the Czech Republic less than 30% of managers are women.
The women that make it into management are more likely to be in non-supervising management roles where they manage operational responsibilities but not staff. Among those who do supervise staff, women are more likely than men to be managing other women, younger workers and workers on non-standard contracts. Women are also more likely to be in precarious leadership positions that have a higher risk of failure - either because they are appointed to lead an organisation or team that is in crisis or because they are not given the resources and support needed for success.
Female workers often have less physical risk in their working environment than male colleagues, but for those that make it into management this advantage shrinks, with female managers reporting having to lift and carry heavy loads on the job almost to the same extent as men. Women also generally report more negative spill overs between work and family life than men and this holds true for managers as well, with female managers reporting higher tensions between work and non-working life.
When it comes to addressing unequal representation of women in management, and some of specific pitfalls of management experienced by women, the policy brief recommends addressing management cultures that disincentivise women, promoting positive role models for young women wishing to pursue a career in management, promoting flexible working arrangements that can help to reconcile the imbalance between work and family life, and further progressing European-level commitments to strengthen gender equality at work.
Latest News from
EU-OSHA looks forward to a successful European Week for Safety and Health at Work 201822/10/2018 15:25:00
This year’s theme, at the heart of an exciting range of activities from 22 to 26 October, is managing dangerous substances in the workplace.
Hormone-free beef: Council authorises launch of negotiations with the United States22/10/2018 13:25:00
On 19 October, the Council authorised the EC to open negotiations on an agreement with the United States on imports of high quality beef from animals not treated with certain growth promoting hormones.
Mergers: EC approves acquisition of GitHub by Microsoft22/10/2018 11:25:00
The EC has approved under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed acquisition of GitHub by Microsoft. The Commission concluded that effective competition in the relevant markets would continue and Microsoft would have no incentive to undermine the open nature of GitHub's platform.
ESMA data analysis values EU derivatives market at €660 trillion with central clearing increasing significantly19/10/2018 15:10:00
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has published its first Annual Statistical Report on the European Union’s (EU) derivatives markets.
Digital single market: a directory of European films to facilitate on-line access19/10/2018 14:10:00
Mariya Gabriel, the Commissioner for Digital Economy & Society, has presented the prototype of a directory of European films, a key action of the Digital4Culture strategy which is also part of the European Year of Cultural Heritage 2018.
Improving economic governance in the EU19/10/2018 13:10:00
At its October plenary session, the EESC adopted a package of three opinions on EU economic governance, providing European decision-makers with new input for the ongoing discussions on deepening Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and the next European Semester exercise.
European Council meetings on 17 and 18 October 201819/10/2018 12:10:00
Remarks by President Donald Tusk after the European Council meetings
Relocation of European Medicines Agency & European Banking Authority18/10/2018 15:25:00
Today the Permanent Representatives Committee (Coreper) approved, on behalf of the Council, an agreement with the European Parliament on the text of the regulations for the relocation of the European Medicines Agency (EMA) to Amsterdam, and of the European Banking Authority (EBA) to Paris.
DiscoverEU: 12,000 additional free tickets available for 18-year-olds to discover Europe18/10/2018 13:25:00
Following the success of the first round of DiscoverEU, the European Commission will launch a second competition for free tickets on 29 November 2018.
EASO publishes a Country of Origin Information (COI) report on the security situation in Pakistan17/10/2018 14:25:00
The European Asylum Support Office has published a Country of Origin Information Report entitled ‘Pakistan security situation’. TThe report provides information relevant for the protection status determination of Pakistani asylum seekers.