Leadership in a crisis – the importance of courage and caring
The onset of the Covid-19 pandemic has catapulted us into a world of uncertainty. A natural physiological response to perceived attack is that our bodies are hijacked by a defence hormone that automatically and unconsciously sends us into fight, flight, freeze or fawn mode.
Anxiety and fear have the potential to paralyse us into inaction, as unhelpful and fearful thoughts occupy our minds, leaving us in a state of distraction.
Nevertheless, in times of crisis we are required to act quickly. Our army of highly trained NHS healthcare professionals is gearing up for a wave of illness from a virus that has reached our cities, towns and communities. As the wave hits we will expect those same professionals to supress strong emotional reactions in the face of adversity, overcoming fears about their own health and even bearing witness to preventable deaths. Therefore, it is beholden upon us as leaders and as citizens to support our NHS workforce not just with essential equipment, but also with essential support for their wellbeing.
We can learn much from research about professionals who are similarly expected to be emotionally detached in performing their duties. For example the military and police are trained in life or death, win or lose situations. We know that these professions are associated with increased risk of depression, anxiety, loneliness and suicide.
Translating this learning into the NHS during the Covid-19 pandemic means that our duty of care to the NHS workforce includes paying attention to the safety of their mental health as well as their physical health.
An organisational strategy to address staff wellbeing and culture during this time is as necessary as an operational strategy and needs to be deployed with similar energy. Along with formal employee support and regular updates on the latest government response, there are many practical tools and approaches that leaders can use to support the workforce in this difficult time:
- Take time to understand the impact of fear on ourselves as leaders – this is so that we can have an awareness of our own behaviours and the impact on others under pressure. Often, when ‘in the grip’, we let immediate thoughts control our actions which can lead us to stray from our values and betray our integrity. Coaching and coaching tools, such as the ladder of inference can help us better understand the process of our thinking at these times.
- Allow people to take off their armour – create a psychologically safe space for people to download thoughts and feelings without fear of being ridiculed or blamed. Holding a debriefing session helps to process information, connect with people and show compassion. Consider formal forums where people can talk about the emotional and social challenges of caring for patients.
- Promote habits for wellbeing and happiness – there is an increasing body of scientific research for practices that promotes wellbeing activities. Mindfulness, meditation, gratitude journaling, daily affirmations and social connection provide antidotes to feelings of anxiety and fear. Consider how to provide opportunities, face to face and online, and offer these activities across your organisation. Could you start your handovers and meetings with a simple ‘what are we grateful for today?’
- Encourage self-care – encourage wellbeing in the workforce by valuing self-care activities such as exercise, alcohol and food tracking, sleep hygiene, spending time in nature, being kind to yourself. Build self-care into the culture of the organisation by ensuring that leaders are accountable for the health and wellbeing of the people they serve. Encourage people to use one of the many apps available for self-care.
- Be aware of our behaviours - emotions are contagious: just as panic spreads quickly through communities, so does calm. In the words of Ghandi, ‘keep your words positive, because your words become your behaviour’.
In the next few weeks and months we will need leaders and professionals to be courageous as they tackle Covid-19. Brene Brown teaches us that courage and fear are not mutually exclusive: she advocates that our leaders must care for and be connected to the people they lead and, if not, then they must either develop that caring and connection or find a leader who can.
Recognising whether or not we can fully serve the people we lead and acknowledging when we do not is demonstrating brave leadership.
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