MEPs call for at least €1.4 billion for EU disaster management
The EU Civil Protection Mechanism needs at least €1.4 billion in funding for 2021-2027 to ensure it is equipped to help with disaster relief, according to MEPs.
The fund helps EU countries respond to emergencies and disasters. In the past it has been activated to help in earthquakes, fires, floods and most recently to evacuate EU citizens affected by the Coronavirus outbreak from China.
In a report adopted on 5 March, Parliament's environment committee said funding for the EU Civil Protection Mechanism should be at least €1.4 billion in 2021-2027, as proposed by the European Commission.
They also called for more clarity about how funds are split between prevention, preparedness and response. The committee said a significantly larger amount should go to preparedness.
EU defence mechanism to save lives
Since its creation in 2001, the EU Civil Protection Mechanism, a collaborative system of mutual aid, has been activated more than 330 times to respond to natural and man-made disasters, inside and outside the EU, such as forest fires, floods, marine pollution, earthquakes, hurricanes, industrial accidents and crisis situation, including health crisis.
During the current coronavirus outbreak, it has been used to coordinate and co-finance the delivery of emergency medical supplies to China and protective material to Italy.
It has also helped to repatriate EU citizens from the Wuhan area, China, and the Diamond Princess cruise ship docked in Yokohama, Japan.
Strengthening emergency response capacity
When a member state is overwhelmed by a disaster, it can ask for help via the Mechanism. The Commission coordinates the response and covers at least 75% of the transport and operational costs.
In 2019, the EU developed a new European reserve of additional capacities called RescEU to directly assist when the resources deployed by member states are not enough.
MEPs want to allocate a larger amount of the funding to preparedness in the 2021-2027 programme, including funds to purchase needed new RescEU equipment and materials, such as forest fire-fighting planes, special water pumps, field hospitals and special medical equipment.
After a debate and vote in plenary on the 2021-2027 programme for the Civil Protection Mechanism, Parliament will start negotiations with the Council of Ministers.
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