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Managing and replacing the Aspire contract

Full report: Managing and replacing the Aspire contract

HM Revenue & Customs has had limited success so far in reforming its Aspire contract with Capgemini, according to the National Audit Office. The spending watchdog warns in a report  that there are serious risks to HMRC’s business if the programme to replace the contract fails to meet its objectives by June 2017 when the contract ends.

The Aspire contract, government’s largest technology contract costing £7.9 billion between July 2004 and March 2014, was intended to ensure continuity of HMRC’s ICT services, while continuously improving their performance; facilitate change to HMRC’s business in line with its strategy; and provide rapid access to up-to-date skills and technologies.

However, the Aspire contract is at odds with current government policy on how departments should buy technology. Since 2011, HMRC has accepted the Cabinet Office view that, as a long-term prime contract for technology, Aspire was no longer a suitable way of providing value for money and that changes needed to be made; but HMRC has had limited success in negotiating these with suppliers.

Yesterday’s report acknowledges that Aspire has provided the continuity of service to enable HMRC to collect around £500 billion of tax each year with few significant service failures. The contract has helped HMRC to improve its operations by reducing operating costs, increasing tax yield and improving service to customers.

Nevertheless, HMRC has commissioned much more work through Aspire than was modelled when the contract was let and has not market-tested any significant element of the contract. Additionally, evidence from benchmarking suggests that it has paid above market prices for this work. It has, however, recouped some of this spending through financial savings it negotiated between 2007 and 2012. HMRC used provisions within the contract to extend the contract and increase the amount of services and projects bought through it. The NAO estimates that, as a result, by the time the contract ends in June 2017, HMRC will have spent £10.4 billion compared to the £4.1 billion used when evaluating Capgemini’s bid.

Furthermore, pressures to find cost savings in the short term led HMRC to trade away its negotiating power and hindered its ability to get strategic value from such a long-term contract.

Yesterday’s report finds that HMRC was overly dependent on the technical capability of the Aspire suppliers between 2004 and 2012, which limited its ability to manage the contract commercially.

HMRC faces a considerable challenge to reform the Aspire contract while evolving a new approach to its technology suitable for its planned move to digital services. HMRC now has minimal time contingency to do this before the Aspire contract ends in June 2017.

“HMRC faced complex, long term technology challenges, and Aspire provided an appropriate means of working through them and limiting risk. However, there has been a lack of rigour in HMRC's commercial management of the contract. It is essential in any contract that the client retains the independent expertise to challenge the supplier. We welcome HMRC’s recognition of this part way through the Aspire contract and its efforts now to rebuild its capability. HMRC now faces a considerable challenge in a limited amount of time to negotiate reform to the contract while at the same time defining its technology strategy for post-Aspire.”

Amyas Morse, head of the National Audit Office, 22 July 2014

Notes for Editors

£813 million

Average amount HMRC spent each year on the Aspire contract, July 2004 to March 2014

£506 billion

Amount HMRC collected in tax receipts, 2013-14.


Reduction in HMRC's operating costs, 2006-07 and 2013-14

95 per cent

Projects implemented since 2008-09 without high priority incidents


Working minutes lost in 2013-14 per full time equivalent HMRC staff member due to ICT not being available. This is down from 2,736 minutes in 2007-08.

£7.9 billion

HMRC paid to Aspire suppliers between July 2004 and March 2014, after adjusting for inflation

£1.2 billion

Profit earned by major suppliers (16 per cent of the £7.9 billion HMRC paid), after adjusting for inflation.

Three years

Left for HMRC to reform its ICT approach, to meet government policy and replace the Aspire contract

1. Press notices and reports are available from the date of publication on the NAO website, which is at Hard copies can be obtained by using the relevant links on our website.

2. The National Audit Office scrutinizes public spending for Parliament and is independent of government. The Comptroller and Auditor General (C&AG), Amyas Morse, is an Officer of the House of Commons and leads the NAO, which employs some 820 staff. Our studies evaluate the value for money of public spending, nationally and locally. Our recommendations and reports on good practice help government improve public services, and our work led to audited savings of £1.1 billion in 2013.

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