Names of 400 First World War Conscientious Objectors Revealed For The First Time
The most comprehensive list of conscientious objectors at Richmond Castle is unveiled in a new museum.
The names of 400 conscientious objectors who passed through Richmond Castle in North Yorkshire during the First World War will be revealed for the first time. The 400 names are included in a new museum at the castle which opens Saturday 20 July.
Searching through over 10,000 digitised military records and existing databases, researchers at English Heritage have compiled the most comprehensive list of Richmond conscientious objectors (COs) in existence. After months of research, the list of the 400 COs highlights the hundreds of men who objected to war on moral grounds and were imprisoned or barracked within the castle during 1916-17.
A Non-Combatant Corps uniform, possibly the only accurate representation of the uniform on display in the country, joins a number of items exhibited for the first time in the new museum. The museum will also include a rare c.1916 white feather letter, sent to chastise COs for refusing a combat role. Along with these items visitors will see a uniquely ugly ceramic propaganda sculpture of a conscientious objector bearing the word ‘conchie’ – a derogatory term for COs at the time – as well as an original conscription poster, COs’ personal postcards and photographs.
Who Were The Conscientious Objectors?
Richard Mason, English Heritage’s Curator, said:
“During the First World War, hundreds of men who objected to conscription were sent to Richmond Castle and lived, worked or were even imprisoned within these walls. But until now, there has been no comprehensive record of who they were, where they came from or what made them choose this difficult path.
“Pouring over the thousands of military records to identify these names has taken a great deal of detective work, and being able to breathe life once again into these men’s stories has been a humbling experience. But we may still never know all of the names of those who passed through the castle, and urge anyone who may have more information to come forward. These men played an important role in the future development of human rights and deserve recognition.
“I’d like to thank one of our volunteers at Richmond Castle in particular, Dawn Price, whose tireless research has been invaluable in producing this list.”
Latest News from
Jazz Musician Ronnie Scott Celebrated With English Heritage Blue Plaque24/10/2019 14:47:00
New plaque marks the site of Ronnie Scott’s first eponymous club, ahead of the 60th anniversary of its opening.
Bob Marley Awarded English Heritage Blue Plaque02/10/2019 09:25:00
Renowned Jamaican singer-songwriter joins the likes of Jimi Hendrix, John Lennon, George Frideric Handel and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Help us Save England's Wall Paintings25/09/2019 09:25:00
With irreplaceable centuries-old paintings at risk, English Heritage is appealing for donations to conserve our country’s painted history.
Roman 'Pendants' Revealed to be Ancient Makeup Applicators18/09/2019 12:37:00
Rare Roman cosmetic sets shown in English Heritage's new History Inspired Makeup Tutorial are on display at Wroxeter Roman City for the first time.
Writer Martha Gellhorn Receives English Heritage Blue Plaque03/09/2019 12:43:00
The Knightsbridge home of war correspondent, journalist and writer Martha Gellhorn - who was also the former wife of Ernest Hemingway – now features a blue plaque in her honour.
Modern Britons Seek Solace in Mythology26/07/2019 09:25:00
Study finds that, in uncertain times, people find comfort in folklore, myths and legends.
Missed The Summer Solstice? Enjoy a Live Stonehenge Sunrise All Year Round21/06/2019 13:33:00
Stonehenge Skyscape brings an ancient spectacle to a global audience.
Installation of Tintagel Castle's New Bridge Begins19/06/2019 13:47:00
English Heritage project enters final phase as sections of new bridge arrive in Tintagel.
Contemporary Art Exhibition Opens at Stonehenge23/05/2019 15:28:00
Conversations in Making is the first contemporary art exhibition at Stonehenge Visitor Centre, and features 40 silver and copper vessels made by applied artist Linda Brothwell. It will be open daily to visitors from 24 May – 24 November 2019.