New Private Residential Tenancy
Greater security for tenants and safeguards for landlords.
The biggest change to the private rental sector in a generation will mean tenants have more security and stability coupled with better safeguards for landlords, lenders and investors.
The new Private Residential Tenancy (PRT) will have no end date and can only be terminated by a tenant giving written notice to their landlord or by the landlord using one of 18 grounds for eviction. Tenants will have the right to challenge a wrongful termination.
Landlords can only increase rent once a year and are required to give tenants three months’ written notice of any rise. Tenants can challenge this rise if they think it is unfair.
Landlords will also benefit from a more accessible repossession process and a simplified way to give notice.
On a visit to see Shelter’s new online enquiry system and meet with tenants, Housing Minister Kevin Stewart said:
“The private rental sector has grown substantially in recent years and now provides a place to call home for 760,000 people.
“This is the biggest change to the sector for a generation and will bring about significant improvements in private renting, benefiting both tenants and landlords.
“We want to ensure everyone has a safe and warm place to call home. The new tenancy sits alongside our wider ambitions for housing in Scotland- not least our ambitious commitment to deliver at least 50,000 affordable homes during this Parliament, including that for rent.
Graeme Brown, Director of Shelter Scotland, yesterday said:
“Today represents a new dawn for all private renters in Scotland and these new laws bring unprecedented security of tenure to private renters with landlords now needing a good reason to evict tenants.
“We have campaigned passionately for 10 years now for reform of private renting, ending with our Make Renting Right campaign, which had extensive support from the public and local and national politicians. We are delighted that all those voices were listened to and we support today’s changes in the law.
“Shelter Scotland is pleased to be working with the Scottish Government on a major awareness raising campaign to ensure everyone involved in private renting- from tenants and landlords to letting agents and housing professionals- understand their new rights and responsibilities.”
John Blackwood, Chief Executive for Scottish Association of Landlords (SAL), said:
“We have worked closely with the Scottish Government, tenants groups and charities for a number of years on this new tenancy agreement and believe the final outcome will make life considerably easier for landlords. The improved and clarified grounds for eviction, alongside a clearly defined process which we campaigned for will further help streamline the sector.
“The new clauses will make it easier for landlords to ensure contracts are fully compliant with the law as well as being easier for both them and tenants to understand, hopefully reducing tension and unnecessary disagreements.
“We also hope this will make it easier to identify rogue landlords and drive them out of the sector whilst encouraging the overwhelming number of landlords who act responsibly to play their part in increasing the supply of housing available in Scotland.”
- The new Private Residential Tenancy has been introduced under the Private Housing (Tenancies) (Scotland) Act 2016.
- Existing tenancies will not change automatically. They will carry on until the tenant or the landlord brings it to an end by serving notice.
- The new standardised tenancy agreements are available here: model private residential tenancy agreement.
- Read the guides for landlords and for tenants to find out more about the changes.
- Shelter’s new online enquiry system (Ailsa) that helps explain the new tenancy can be found at: www.shelterscotland.org/newhouserules
Rent Pressure Zones (RPZ)
From 1 December, local authorities can apply to the Scottish Government to have an area designated as a Rent Pressure Zone (RPZ)- if they think rents are rising too much in a certain area. To do this local authorities must meet the following requirements.
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