Parliamentary Committees and Public Enquiries
Scottish MPs should not negotiate for UK if independence referendum votes ‘Yes’
In the event of a "yes" vote in the Scottish independence referendum, MPs for Scottish constituencies, including ministers, should retain their seats in the House of Commons until the day of independence itself. However, they should not negotiate for the rest of the UK on the terms of independence, scrutinise the UK’s negotiating team nor ratify a resulting agreement, as their first duty would be to their Scottish constituents rather than the interests of the rest of the UK.
- Report: Scottish independence: constitutional implications of the referendum (HTML)
- Report: Scottish independence: constitutional implications of the referendum (PDF)
- Evidence volume: Scottish independence: constitutional implications of the referendum
- Inquiry: Scottish independence: constitutional implications of the referendum
- Select Committee on Constitution
The recommendation from the House of Lords Constitution Committee comes in its report on the constitutional implications of the Scottish independence referendum, which is published today.
The committee also says that the wider status of MPs for Scottish constituencies, in terms of their ability to take part in other Commons proceedings not relevant to Scotland, would have to be decided before the 2015 general election if there were a "yes" vote on 18 September.
The committee concludes that in the event of Scottish independence the remainder of the UK would be the "continuator" state and so retain its current international status and treaty obligations, as well as UK institutions such as the BBC and the Bank of England. Scotland would become a new "successor" state and would not have any automatic claim on those institutions.
The committee says there would be no constitutional or legal requirement for the UK Government to adhere to the Scottish Government’s proposed timetable for full independence by March 2016 and that they should not do so if that would undermine the interests of the rest of the UK.
Other issues covered in the report include:
Baroness Jay of Paddington, chairman of the House of Lords Constitution Committee, said:
"There has been considerable speculation about the position of MPs for Scottish constituencies in the event of a “yes” vote on 18 September. Our view is that, while they should continue to sit in the House of Commons until independence day itself, they should have no role in negotiating for the rest of the UK nor in scrutinising the UK Government on those negotiations. If they did it would be a clear conflict of interest as they are elected to Parliament to represent constituents in Scotland.
It should be made clear before the 2015 general election whether Scottish MPs would take part in votes which did not affect Scotland.
We urge the UK Government to put the rest of the UK’s interests first in the event of independence negotiations. The Prime Minister should feel under no obligation to conclude negotiations by March 2016. The Scottish Government’s proposed timetable has no legal or constitutional standing.
We are clear that, in the event of independence, the remainder of the UK would be the “continuator” state while Scotland would be a "successor" state. That would mean that the UK continued to be party to existing international agreements, while Scotland would have to enter into those agreements afresh."
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