RUSI’s analysis was used to provide additional context to the study, in the form of a standalone chapter on illicit trade in cigarettes and other diverted products.
In its findings the RUSI’s analysis notes that Illicit trade in the Maghreb is a longstanding form of cross-border activity, and an important component of local political economies. Understood as the unlawful production, transportation or sale of otherwise legal commodities, illicit trade includes a signi cant range of goods. These are smuggled across vast, sparsely populated spaces, dissected increasingly by of cially closed and reinforced borders. Many of these borders remain porous – traversed by illicit ows of goods for which demand exists on both sides.
RUSI provided analysis on the smuggling dynamics underpinning the trends revealed by the data, alongside qualitative commentary on other diverted products within the region. The research draws on interviews with law enforcement, industry and academic experts within the region.
The KPMG study can be accessed here.
Further information on RUSI's work on illicit trade can be found here.