The 10 successful projects and their respective principal investigators (PI) are:
The COVID-19 shock: continuity and change in labour markets and employment policies in Japan and the UK
UK PI: Jonathan Portes, King’s College London
Japanese PI: Kotaro Tsuru, Keio University
This project will compare the labour market impacts and policy responses to the COVID-19 pandemic in the UK and Japan.
They will contribute to finding solutions to the common medium and long-term problems that predated the pandemic.
Measuring trust and its variance during the COVID-19 pandemic using serial surveys and quantitative text analysis
UK PI: Steve Pickering, Brunel University London
Japanese PI: Yosuke Sunahara, Kobe University
This project will seek to understand the critical role that trust plays in public support and compliance with government COVID-19 policies.
It will also investigate how multiple factors affect the various dimensions of trust towards governmental COVID-19 responses and measures. These include:
- migration status
- lived COVID-19 experience
- media usage
- political stance.
Sustainable culture futures: COVID-19 and resetting cultural policy
UK PI: Hye-Kyung Lee, King’s College London
Japanese PI: Nobuko Kawashima, Doshisha University
COVID-19 has profoundly affected every aspect of cultural life in society, from how we perceive culture to how it is produced and consumed.
This project will investigate three core concerns of cultural policy, the values of culture, cultural work and cultural consumption, under the shifting context caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Generating original findings on the shifting understandings, practice and purposes of cultural policy, the project’s comparative approach will offer unique opportunities for:
- UK-Japan cross-national conversation
COVID-19 and the law: protection and recovery for vulnerable groups
UK PI: Eva Lein, British Institute of International and Comparative Law
Japanese PI: Yuko Nishitani, Kyoto University
As governments, businesses, and individuals face unique challenges in the pandemic, innovative approaches must be developed to address urgent needs.
Certain groups of people are more vulnerable than others, such as:
- small businesses
- supply chain workers in developing economies
This project aims to focus on the protection of those who are at a higher risk of being negatively impacted by the pandemic.
It will assess the existing legal mechanisms in the UK and Japan in comparison to various legal systems and sectors.
It will identify the holistic needs of jurisdictions, to understand how to effectively maximise safety and access to justice for the most vulnerable.
Innovation and complementary capabilities for vaccines
UK PI: Anabel Marin, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex
Japanese PI: Michiko Iizuka, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies
The UK has launched the Pandemic Preparedness Partnership. It will advise the G7 Presidency on how to develop vaccines more quickly through greater global cooperation with considerable investment being made to support the development of new variant-specific vaccines.
This project will investigate the recent experience with COVID-19 vaccines, focusing on:
- a specific group of firms
- research institutions
- countries with distinctive levels of capabilities and regulatory, cultural and business contexts (Japan, the UK, Germany, India, Brazil, Argentina, Vietnam, and Indonesia).
It will study the alignments and misalignments between the different kinds of capabilities, at the firm and regulatory level, that have been critical for introducing the new vaccines to the market.
Learning from the trajectories of mental health challenges for children, young people and parents across Japan and the UK over the course of COVID-19
UK PI: Simona Skripkauskaite, University of Oxford
Japanese PI: Naho Morisaki, National Centre for Child Health and Development
COVID-19 and the related public health measures have led to major disruptions to families’ lives, with different pressures arising for children, young people, and their families over time.
The project will build on a successful existing collaboration to use available expertise in:
- international data analysis
- text-mining approaches
- patient and public involvement
- translation of research into practice.
Together with young people and families, it aims to co-design guidelines for policymakers and health authorities which will:
- mitigate identified mental health consequences of the pandemic and current policies
- tailor future pandemic management strategies to minimise mental health impacts.
An interdisciplinary study on medical research and development: rescuing intellectual property rights in pandemic emergencies from the “tragedy of the anticommons”
UK PI: Roy Partain, University of Aberdeen
Japanese PI: Takeshi Maeda, Kobe University
To solve new medical problems, such as viral outbreaks, many patents, copyrights and other trade secrets need to be accessible to a variety of research labs in many countries.
However, coordination problems in the markets surrounding medical and pharmaceutical intellectual property (IP) rights could prevent the rapid development of treatments, cures and vaccines during the tightly packed timeframes of a moving pandemic.
This project seeks to find solutions to the ‘IP crisis’ to enable the continued functional trust of: the market and of property rights during pandemics.
Comparative research on pastoral societies in post-COVID19 Inner Asian countries: case study of Mongolia and Kyrgyzstan
UK PI: Ariell Ahearn, University of Oxford
Japanese PI: Takahiro Ozaki, Kagoshima University
This project will seek to address post-COVID-19 challenges in Mongolia and Kyrgyzstan with the aim to explore, evaluate and inform inclusive and sustainable policy responses.
In lower-middle income countries, the pandemic intersects with complex environmental and socio-economic factors.
This impacts traditional rural mobile pastoralists and agropastoralist livelihoods. They are centers for food production and cultural heritage.
The aim is to advance:
- civic engagement
- democratic participation
- social well-being
- an inclusive COVID-19 recovery.
This is achieved through evidence-based, collaborative and multi-stakeholder approaches.
The project will also seek to empower rural communities as they transition into post-COVID-19 response.
They will put emphasis on:
- opportunities for women
- respect for herding and farming
- viable education
- lifestyle opportunities.
This will help build inclusive and enduring rural societies.
Understanding cross-signing phenomena in video conferencing situations during and post-COVID-19 in rural areas
UK PI: Robert Adam, Heriot-Watt University
Japanese PI: Mayumi Bono, Research Organization of Information and Systems
The COVID-19 pandemic has led to deaf people worldwide communicating via video conferencing systems.
This online modality may lead to the emergence of new trends in sign language in association with the sign language contact phenomenon. The purpose of this project is to investigate how the sign language and communication styles of deaf people are affected by video conferencing systems.
It will focus on British Sign Language (BSL) and Japanese Sign Language (JSL), which are from different sign language families.
Creative collaborations: salons and networks in Kyoto and Osaka 1780 to 1880
UK PI: Akiko Yano, British Museum
Japanese PI: Ryo Akama, Ritsumeikan University
This project has two parallel objectives:
- a collaborative scholarly enterprise among researchers and institutions in Japan and the UK aiming to analyse the cultural and social impact of art and literary salons and collective creation of art(gassaku) in early modern Japan (specifically, the Kyoto-Osaka region during 1780 to 1880)
- to explore how a Japan-UK research project may be delivered efficiently in the COVID-19 context by keeping physical traveling between the two countries to a bare minimum and examining the effectiveness of using digital online technologies for remote collaboration.