EU Legislation, Initiatives, etc.
FSA: The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has published its scientific opinions on 6 artificial food colours. In 2007 the Food Standards Agency-commissioned 'Southampton study' was published. This study looked into the effects of 6 artificial food colours and a preservative on the behaviour of children.
The findings of the study suggested that if a child shows signs of hyperactivity or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), then eliminating the colours used in the Southampton study from their diet might have some beneficial effects.
On the basis of the evidence from this peer reviewed study, UK Ministers & the FSA asked UK industry to voluntarily remove the 6 colours from food & drink in the UK by the end of this year. In addition, the EU agreed that from July 2010 food & drink containing these colours should carry labelling to inform consumers that these colours may have an adverse effect on activity & attention in children. As part of its review of all approved additives, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has issued opinions on these 6 colours.
Press release ~ FSA Board discusses additives research ~ Food Standards Agency issues revised advice on certain artificial colours ~ FSA update on products free of colours associated with hyperactivity ~ EFSA press release on Southampton study ~ EFSA updates safety advice on six food colours ~ 'Southampton study' ~ FSA advice to parents on food colours and hyperactivity