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London's Historic Treasures
English Heritage has yesterday released its London List 2011, a compilation of all the sites awarded listed status in the capital last year.
From the iconic Lloyds Building in the City, to a pioneering maternity hospital in Clapham, the publication profiles more than 100 sites, including 19 Underground stations, four war memorials and two schools. Some are well known, others obscure, but all are now formally recognised for their special historic and architectural interest.
Listed status marks and celebrates this special interest and ensures that any future changes to the buildings will be carefully considered.
List entries include
Clockwork Orange setting - Listed Grade II
The lecture theatre block at Brunel University was the centrepiece of its new Uxbridge campus, which it moved to in 1967. The building achieved instant if dubious celebrity status thanks to its use as part of the dystopian setting for Stanley Kubrick's cult film, A Clockwork Orange (1971).
Workhouse that inspired Charles Dickens - Listed Grade II
The buildings claimed to have inspired Charles Dickens's Oliver Twist and to have influenced many of his other works, the Strand Union Workhouse in Fitzrovia was notorious for its appalling conditions, with many inmates malnourished and severely ill. Their plight attracted the attention of prominent figures in mid-19th century healthcare, which led to the workhouse being recommended for closure in 1886.
Pioneering maternity hospital in Clapham - Listed Grade II
Established in 1889 by pioneering doctor Annie McCall and run entirely by women, the Clapham Maternity Hospital played a key role in creating a network of female medics which emerged before the First World War.
Telephone boxes outside the British Museum - Listed Grade II
Iconic red 'K6' telephone boxes, many of which have disappeared since the 1960s, were designed in 1935 for King George V's Silver Jubilee by Giles Gilbert Scott, the architect behind Waterloo Bridge, Battersea Power Station and many other London landmarks. 13 received listed status in 2011, including six outside the British Museum.
The Lloyd's Building in City of London - Listed Grade I
This icon of modern British architecture received the highest level of protected status last year with a Grade I listing. Designed by Richard Rogers Partnership and built between 1981 and 1986, it helped ensure the City's place as the European capital of computerised high finance.
Hostel which housed literary figures in Camden - Listed Grade II
Built in 1905, once inhabited by playwright Brendan Behan and the poet Patrick Kavanagh and still in use today, Arlington House was the inspiration of Montagu William Lowry-Corry, a philanthropist who invested £30,000 to provide an alternative to the shocking conditions endured by working men in lodging houses.
Market ramp at Smithfield - Listed Grade II
Smithfield Market was established in 1860 to replace the ancient livestock market which could no longer operate in such a densely-populated inner-city area. Using the newly-built Metropolitan Railway, produce was transported to the new site - a four-acre underground goods station - and bought up to the surface via this massive 10-metre wide curving roadway.
Woods and ponds in Woolwich - Listed Grade II
Repository Woods has been around since 1804 and is believed to be one of the earliest purpose-built military training grounds in England. Its steep woodland and string of ponds, which allowed artillerymen to practice dragging guns in rough terrain, has been added to the English Heritage Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.
David Garrard, English Heritage, said: "The great monuments of London, the likes of St. Paul's and the Tower, are already known and cherished. What the listing process helps us do is allow new discoveries to be shared and protected.
"If you're the type of person who finds yourself walking in London wondering about the buildings and places around you, this free guide, downloadable from our website, will reveal the hidden histories of many familiar landmarks and inspire you to look out for its hidden treasures."