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EU Cohesion Policy: €31.5 billion for Romania's economic, social and territorial cohesion, competitiveness and green and digital transition in 2021-2027

Romania will receive a total of €31.5 billion from Cohesion Policy in 2021-2027 in the framework of its Partnership Agreement with the Commission to promote the economic, social and territorial cohesion of its regions and its green and digital transition. The EU funds will also support the development of a competitive, innovative and export-oriented Romanian economy.

Increasing economic competitiveness and digitalisation

€4.33 billion from the European Regional and Development Fund (ERDF) will support Romania's innovative and smart economic transformation. Funds will increase the competitiveness of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), and support research and innovation, in particular through business-academia collaboration. Innovative enterprises and innovative activities in traditional SMEs will also be supported.

The EU will also invest in the digitalisation of companies and the development of innovative digital public services. The digital skills of the population, particularly students and teachers, will also be improved.

A boost for the green economy

€6.75 billion from the ERDF and Cohesion Fund will be invested in the green transition, in particular in green energy, reduction of carbon emissions, environmental infrastructure, biodiversity conservation, green spaces, risk management and sustainable urban mobility measures.

Among these, €2.3 billion will improve the energy performance of residential and public buildings and to develop in renewable energy sources and smart energy systems. This will reduce energy consumption and carbon emissions and support the decarbonisation of the energy sector.

€2.34 billion will support the water and wastewater sector and improve the circular economy focussing on waste, re-use and recycling.

€2.14 billion from the Just Transition Fund (JTF) will alleviate the social and economic impact of the green transition towards a climate neutral economy. JTF will target the Romanian regions most negatively affected by phasing out coal and lignite, focussing on the transformation of energy intensive industries.

Modernising the healthcare system

€2.3 billion will be invested to ensure access to health for citizens and improve the quality, effectiveness and resilience of the health sector. The funds will also target vulnerable groups and thus reducing inequalities.

Sustainable transport

€7.2 billion from the Cohesion Fund and the ERDF will further develop multi-modal and more sustainable modes of transport. A particular focus will be given to trains and railways, and to the expansion of sustainable public transport in cities. Investments in Trans-European Networks – Transports (TEN-T) will improve the links with peripheral regions over the Carpathian Mountains and facilitate access to industrial centres. This will in turn contribute to growth and labour mobility.

Employment, skills and fight against poverty

€7.3 billion from the European Social Fund Plus (ESF+) will improve access to employment, especially youth unemployment, quality and inclusive education, new skills and training. ESF+ will help modernising the Romanian Public Employment Service, promote social inclusion, accessibility and effectiveness of public services.

€3.5 billion will also develop social entrepreneurship and support capacity building for social partners and civil society organisations. The fund will improve the access to early childhood education and care, reducing early school leaving. The labour market relevance of vocational education and training (VET), and tertiary education will also be improved. 

€3.3 billion will fight child poverty and address material deprivation. Funds will improve access to and quality of social services, and develop integrated social, educational and health services in 2,000 rural communities. 

Sustainable fisheries

€162.5 million from the European Maritime Fisheries and Aquaculture Fund (EMFAF) will be invested in sustainable fisheries and aquaculture, conservation of aquatic biological resources in the Black Sea and enforce fisheries control activities. The Fund will also support a sustainable aquaculture and processing sector. It will diversify local fisheries and aquaculture communities and support an awaited modernization of the fishing infrastructure in the Black Sea.

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